Negative Mood is Associated with Sociobehavioral Factors Contributing to Cardiovascular Risk in an Immigrant Population


Background: Immigrants to the United States, on average, accumulate cardiovascular risk after resettlement, including obesity. There is a need to co-create interventions to address these disparities, and mood may be an important mediating factor.

Methods: The Healthy Immigrant Community (HIC) study, set in southeast Minnesota, enrolled 475 adult participants in a weight loss intervention to reduce cardiovascular risk. Baseline questionnaires assessed mood, nutrition, physical activity, self-efficacy for healthy eating and physical activity, social support, and cohesion. A single-item mood rating of poor or fair was considered "negative", while ratings of good, very good, or excellent were considered "positive".

Results: A total of 449 HIC participants (268 Hispanic/Latino and 181 Somali) with complete baseline measures and were included in this analysis. Participants endorsing negative mood compared to those endorsing positive mood had lower scores for healthy eating (p = 0.02) and physical activity levels (p = 0.03), lower confidence in eating a healthy diet (p = 0.001), and felt less of a sense of belonging to their community (p = 0.01). Those endorsing negative mood also reported receiving less social support from their family and friends to eat healthy (p = < 0.001) and be physically active (p = 0.01), and less often accessed community resources for healthy eating (p = 0.001) and physical activity (p = < 0.01) compared to participants reporting positive mood.

Conclusions: Negative mood was associated with less healthy nutrition, lower confidence in eating healthy, sedentary lifestyle, and perceived lack of belonging to the community. Integrating mood management and self-efficacy strategies may enhance the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions among immigrants who report negative mood.

Clinicaltrialsgov registration: NCT05136339; April 23, 2022.

Keywords: Health behaviors; cardiovascular risk; immigrant communities; mood; self-efficacy.

PubMed ID



Tranby BN, Sia IG, Clark MM, Novotny PJ, Lohr AM, Pardo LS, Patten CA, Iteghete SO, Zeratsky KA, Rieck TM, Molina L, Capetillo GP, Ahmed Y, Drie H, Wieland ML. Negative Mood is Associated with Sociobehavioral Factors Contributing to Cardiovascular Risk in an Immigrant Population. Res Sq [Preprint]. 2024 Mar doi: 10.21203/ PMID: 38559259; PMCID: PMC10980105.


Irene Sia, MD, MSc
Matthew Clark, PhD
Christi Patten, MPI, PhD
Sheila Iteghete
Yahye Ahmed
Mark Wieland, MD, MPH



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